哥伦布CAT区块链知识课堂——第五十讲

2020-05-18 20:58 区块链布道者社群联盟


区块链在公共管理领域的创新应用



区块链在公共事务中的应用

2016年10月,由工信部发布的《中国区块链技术和应用发展白皮书(2016)》呈现了区块链技术相对成熟应用的场景,包含金融、供应链、教育、公益、智能制造以及文化娱乐等。


2018年3月,深圳市税务局着手研发“区块链+电子发票”的试点实施方案;


2019年1月30日《人民日报》报道,重庆市渝中区食品药品监督管理局将区块链技术应用于食品药品质量监管;


2020年1月14日《经济日报》报道,北京市以区块链为基础进行信息共享制度改革,并将区块链广泛应用于公共事务领域。


就可行性而言,由于公共财政领域(包括税收)与金融领域相似,区块链技术对公共财政的影响直观反映在税务管理和行业监管等方面,且由于税务管理和行业监管涉及到公共事务诸多领域,决定了区块链技术具有广泛应用性。


就发展前景而言,区块链不仅在金融、税务、食品药品质量监管、房地产市场监管、不动产交易等方面得到广泛应用,而且将在一证办电、办理建筑许可、电子民生卡、房屋租赁、公证、积分落户等20余个领域发挥有效作用,足以表明其应用前景的广泛性。


区块链在公共事务管理中的优势



提高公共管理效率

追求效率是公共管理的重要目标之一,管理主义尤其将公共管理的效率置于十分突出的地位,主张将私人部门的管理经验和方法应用到公共部门以推动公共部门管理效率提升。


区块链的“去中心”结构,采用“点对点传输”方式,改变了既有体制的“层级节制”,使管理层级更加扁平化,减少管理层级,有利于管理效率的提高。


实现公共管理的精准化

区块链去中心化、透明化和不可篡改的特点,使政府部门之间可以借助区块链的技术优势构建政府治理服务体系,这样的体系体现了公平、透明、诚信的特点。建立在区块链技术上的政府治理服务体系,通过分布式记账和点对点传输的技术机制实现监管的精准化,会更加有据可查,便于责任的认定和问题的解决,实现技术监管及公共管理的精准化。



实现公共管理的平等参与

区块链的“去中心”结构采用分布式记账方式,每个节点之间处于“平等”地位,每个节点能够存储、更新和发布数据保障了每个节点参与的活跃性。区块链中的数据会在不同节点进行备份,保证了数据的安全可靠,进而实现共同参与和共同监管。由此,区块链应用于公共事务之中,实际上为公众平等参与公共管理提供了一个有效的技术途径。




英语

(English)




Application of blockchain in public affairs 

In October 2016, the "China Blockchain Technology and Application Development White Paper (2016)" released by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology presented a relatively mature application of blockchain technology, including finance, supply chain, education, public welfare, smart manufacturing, and cultural entertainment Wait.

In March 2018, the Shenzhen Taxation Bureau began to develop a pilot implementation plan for "blockchain + electronic invoice"; January 30, 2019, "People's Daily" reported that Chongqing Yuzhong District Food and Drug Administration will use blockchain technology Applied to food and drug quality supervision; "Economic Daily" reported on January 14, 2020, Beijing has reformed its information sharing system based on blockchain, and widely used blockchain in public affairs.

In terms of feasibility, because the public finance field (including taxation) is similar to the financial field, the impact of blockchain technology on public finances is intuitively reflected in tax management and industry supervision, and because tax management and industry supervision involve public affairs In many fields, it is determined that blockchain technology has wide application.

In terms of development prospects, the blockchain is not only widely used in finance, taxation, food and drug quality supervision, real estate market supervision, real estate transactions, etc., but will also be used for power supply, construction permits, electronic livelihood cards, and house rental , Notarization, settlement of points, etc. have played an effective role in more than 20 fields, which is enough to show the broad application prospects.

Advantages of blockchain in public affairs management


 Improve the efficiency of public management

The pursuit of efficiency is one of the important goals of public management. In particular, managementism places the efficiency of public management in a very prominent position, and advocates the application of private sector management experience and methods to the public sector to promote the improvement of public sector management efficiency;

The "decentralized" structure of the blockchain adopts the "point-to-point transmission" method, which changes the "level control" of the existing system, making the management level more flat and reducing the management level, which is conducive to the improvement of management efficiency.

Achieve the precision of public management

The characteristics of blockchain decentralization, transparency and non-tampering enable government departments to build a government governance service system with the technical advantages of blockchain. Such a system reflects the characteristics of fairness, transparency and integrity. The government governance service system built on blockchain technology, through distributed billing and point-to-point transmission technology mechanisms to achieve precise supervision, will be more well-documented, easy to identify responsibilities and solve problems, and realize technical supervision and The precision of public management.


Achieve equal participation in public management

The "decentralized" structure of the blockchain adopts a distributed accounting method, and each node is in an "equal" position. Each node can store, update, and publish data to ensure the active participation of each node. The data in the blockchain will be backed up at different nodes to ensure the safety and reliability of the data, so as to achieve joint participation and supervision. Therefore, the application of blockchain in public affairs actually provides an effective technical approach for the public to participate equally in public management.


 

       新一代超级公有链     

Gcloud分布式区块链云算能平台

哥伦布CAT是新一代高性能的区块链DAPP跨链应用开发平台,基于区块链/分布式节点部署的链网体系,通过分布式众源数据交互协议、跨链交互/事务处理机制、分布式私钥控机制(多维计算、门限密钥共享)、超级共识机制LSMT(分布式AI智慧推荐引擎,神经元网络深度学习优化共识算法)、基于CUDA架的全新区块链软硬结合加速引擎、原生区块链开发语言NAM与NAM VM运行虚拟机、主动式安全数据保护机制、分布式量子密钥分发机制等技术创建区块链图灵完备的新一代公有链。建立智能底层基础协议,建区块链分布式自由经济协同网络。

CAT哥伦布的价值网络构筑在多维的分布式自由经济协同网络的基础上,推动智能底层基础协议设施的生态建设与激励社区应用开发,建立分布式协作的智能经济应用多维度并发,从数据的采集分析处理到智能交互,从分布式交易到分布式社群流转,从多维参与到可信环境,结合底层的分布式区块链账本体系,链接分布式节点的链网体系,形成新一代的全球智能经济协同网络的基础设施之一。


更多信息关注我们

 官网:https://columbu.network

您可关注微博:

CAT哥伦布云算能平台

https://weibo.com/u/7239768939

Facebook用户可直接访问:https://www.facebook.com/gcloud.cat.1

Telegram进行互动可搜索:

https://t.me/CAT Gcloud

您可以前往Github了解更多:

 https://github.com/CATGCLOUD/Columbus

https://www.reddit.com/user/CATGCloud

在Twitter上关注https://twitter.com/CatgCloud
跟踪最新动态

在Slack加入讨论:

https://columbufoundation.slack.com

(选择 #chinese investors 频道)



本文章转载自公众号:xtkuh888

首页 - 区块链 相关的更多文章: